Background of Saudi-Yemen Conflict

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In 1962, a revolution in North Republic of Yemen terminated over one thousand years of rule by Zaidi Imams, a branch of Shiah Islam, who claimed descent from the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Sa’dah, within the north, was their main defense and since their fall from power the region was for the most part unnoticed economically and remains underdeveloped. The Yemeni government has very little authority in Saada.

During Yemen’s 1994 war, the wahhabis, an Islamic group adhering to a strict version of Sunni Islam found in neighboring Saudi Arabia, helped the government in its fight against the proponent south. Zaidis complain the government has after allowed the wahhabis too robust a voice in Republic of Yemen. Saudi Arabia, for its half, worries that strife instigated by the Shiah sect thus near Yemen’s border with Kingdom of Saudi Arabia may kindle teams in Saudi itself.

Although it’s received very little international coverage, the conflict primarily pits Yemen’s Sunni-majority government against Shiah fighters, a conflict that has else significance for several Arab countries upset regarding the rising influence of Iran, a Shiah majority country. it’s should to considering that Republic of Yemen could be a country riven with resource driven conflict and regional factionalism higher than and on the far side any notion of Sunni and Shiah divisions. These are some issues that’s seen in Republic of Yemen. Thus this conflict failed to begin as a sectarian struggle between Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Iran.

The conflict were sparked in 2004 by the government’s conceive to arrest Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, a Zaidis religious person of the Houthis and a former parliamentarian on whose head the government had placed a $55,000 bounty.
On 26 March 2015, Saudi Arabia with the help of its coalition partners lunched airstrikes against Houthis in Yemen. This operation is named as Operation Decisive Storm. The United States is included in this operation and is helping in airstrikes and providing all the intelligence. UAE, Egypt, Bahrain, Jordan Bahrain are providing direct military support.

Houthi spokesperson Mohammed Al Bukhaiti declared it war on Yemen. Iran demanded immediate halt of the attacks, saying “Military action from outside of Yemen against its territorial integrity and its people will have no other result than more bloodshed and more deaths.” Analysts saw it as a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

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